The Black Prince

The Facts

The Black Prince was the eldest son of Edward III of England.

As the heir to the throne he could not avoid his responsibilities, try as he might. He is the most important character in the stories about Ximene, other than Ximene herself and her partner John Stanley, because without The Black Prince none of this could have happened.

The Prince was brave but headstrong and foolhardy. He had a reputation as a good military strategist which does not quite fit in with his reputation for recklessness.
I have given him mentors who provide the input which provides a balance between planning and action, firstly William Montacute , The Earl of Salisbury and secondly,and more importantly for our story, John Stanley.

Certainly the Stanley family history has John Stanley as the Prince’s successor as the tournament champion of Europe.

There is another anomoly in the Black Prince’s character. History has him as the epitome of chivalry and yet her burned Carcassone and Limoux or at least parts of them. He then carried out a mass execution at Limoges. Many commentators see this as evidence that chivalry was confined to his own class or at least the nobility, which begs the question of who exactly was considered to be noble?

I have used a variant on this. I believe that Chivalry was extended to those who behaved in a chivalrous manner. those who contravened the laws of chivalry should and must be punished.

In our story

In 1355 Occitan was in a ferment of rebellion. If Ximene had been prepared to swear allegiance to the King of the Franks and marry his son Louis of Anjou she could well have regained the family lands, possibly in her own right.  She believed however that this could only been possible if she had renounced her Cathar faith, something she was never prepared to do. She was not only a commited to the faith but also to creating to creating a haven where the faith could be practiced without persecution.

So, reluctantly, and having no clear idea of how it might be made to work, Ximene came to realise that she must create a new nation of Occitan, independent from the Franks.

Under the influence of her Grandmother she came to believe that the only way this could be achieved is by forming an alliance with the Plantagent rulers of England and Aquitaine. Aquitaine is one of the “Four Quarters” of  Occitan, speaking the same language and sharing the same culture.  The most obvious way to achieve this would be to marry into the Plantagenet family. The heir to  the Plantagenet throne is Edward of Woodstock, the Black Prince. Ximene is told he is available and wishes to meet her. There is exited talk that it might be possible with the Prince’s support to unite all of Occitan into a new nation with its own language its own natural borders and its own culture.

The Sangreal

During the negotiations about the proposed marriage, Ximene discovers that one of the factors which has made her attractive to the Prince is that she has inherited the Sangreal, the Holy Blood. Those who carry this blood are considered to have the right to rule and every Royal family is keen to add the Sangreal to their own bloodline. There are however dangers as well as benefits in possessing the Sangreal Those who fail in a bid to acquire the bloodline may also be prepared to kill in order to prevent others acquiring it.

Occitan and Cathar culture

Whilst she grapples with the implications of her situation, Ximene is very much influenced culture. This very culture is an impediment to any proposed marriage. The culture of Occitan is inseparable from the Cathar faith. Cathars believe that marriage is simply a contract, a legal document to facilitate the transfer of property and wealth from one family to another or from one generation to the next. Cathars resent the Church of Rome’s attempt to control marriage and the marriage ceremonial. Within marriage Cathars believe that both men and women are entitled to have affairs of the spirit outside of marriage, which they regard as more important than the marriage itself. The Occitan culture supports this belief through the establishment of the “Progression” and the “Transition”, ceremonies marking a rite of passage to adulthood in which the participants are give lessons in how to give and receive sexual pleasure and to understand the workings of the “courts of love”, which in turn facilitate the extra maritial relationships.

A most important feature of the courts of love is that it is the women who are in control. A man is free to address his admiration to any woman of his choice, but that is all he can do. If a woman accepts the man’s suit  she will give him her favour, but it is then her choice and her choice only as to wether the affair will go any furthur and to decide when and where any further involvement will occur. Ximene  sets out to negotiate the Balck Prince’s acceptance of this way of living.

A marriage contract

Aware of the difficulties Ximene becomes determined to carry out the marriage negotiation herself, directly with the Prince, so that there is no possibility of any misunderstanding.

This determination to personally negotiate the conditions is strengthened by her knowledge of the agenda her guardian Gaston , Compte de Foix. she is sure that any negotiations under his control will pay little regard to Ximene’s requirements.

Now, suddenly, the Pope appears to favour a marriage between Ximene and the Black Prince and arrangements have been made to meet the Prince on neutral ground, during a summer hunt at Muret.  Ximene decides to take the hunt as an opportunity to escape from her guardian’s control hoping she will then be in a much better position to negotiate her own marriage contract.

The risks

Ximene is warned that that The Compte de Foix does not only control her but also protects her. If she puts herself outside his protective shield, she may be taken by the Holy Inquisition, who can declare someone a heretic, incarcerated them without trial, torture them and finally burn them at the stake. to this must be added the risk murdered by those who do not want the Sangreal to be shared with any family other than their own. As she prepares to attend the Hunt at Muret she asks herself the question; will she be hunter or hunted?

The most dangerous woman in the world