Persian conflict

Promised Land?

Egypt was threatened by Persia.  It is extremely possible that the Hyskos had been pushed to the “Promised Land” to provide a buffer state against Hittite, Assyrian and eventually Persian ingressions . Quite separate attempts by Egypt to get control of the Persian Royal family failed.

The Trade Routes

From earliest recorded times there have been two trade routes which generated great wealth for those who lay in their path . The so called Silk Road, which conveyed much more than silk, led overland from China and in doing so passed through Assyria.  Babylonians and Hittites, Assyrian, Egyptians and finally Persians Empire controlled the route. The Jewish states of Israel and Judah became not so much the promised, but the disputed, land and the state of Israel was totally destroyed. The spice route from East Africa, later extended to South East Asia, which was driven by the cycles of trade winds in the Indian Ocean and arabian sea made its primary landfall on either side of the red sea. Thus Persia profited from the trade carried along the silk road and Egypt profited from the spice trade.


Growing Confict

Each nation knew about the two trade routes, indeed a branch of the silk road ran down through Petra into Egypt and a branch of the spice route ran from the Arabian Gulf into Central Persia. Both nations could estimate the increase in wealth which could result if they could gain total control of the trade from both routes. Egypt wanted to push north and Persia wanted to push South.



In 570 BC  during the reign of Amasis II, the Egyptian priests were faced with two problems. Amasis was not the priestly choice for Pharoh. He was a general who had siezed power. The Priests also observed  the gathering might of Persia and put in place their master plan to remove what they saw as a severe threat to their power, position and wealth. The plan involved  Egyptian princesses being exported to Persia supposedly as brides of the rival rulers.  A visit from a brother or an uncle then resulted in the procreation of a child who would be pure Egyptian royalty and be brought up sympathetic to Egypt. In 550 BC Neithiyti, Princess of Egypt, wife and daughter of the previous Pharoh, Apries, was married to Cyrus the Persian Emperor and bore a son Cambyses and a daughter Atossa, they also had a brother called Smyrdis.  Both brothers and their sister were pure Egyptian.



This initiative was a failure. Cambyses did invade Egypt and after what is reputed to be on of the biggest battles of all time defeated Amasis and created a new dynasty of Pharohs.

He was probably allowed to take control of Egypt on the assumption he would comply with the Egyptian culture. It proved to be a false hope. Cambyses cut back on the taxes raised on behalf of Egyptian priests, saying famously “they are perfectly capable of raising their own geese”.  Faced with determined opposition he decided that the centre of that opposition was at the oasis of Siwa, home of the Oracle of Amnon but also a formidable fortress. He set out to attack Siwa with a force of 50,000. Most of his army was killed when they found themselves in the eye of a storm. The army was buried alive in sand! Obviously the Egyptians saw this as God’s intervention.


Human Frailty

Somehow Cambyses escaped. Persian propaganda to undermine the priest’s power continued to be met with determined resistance. Cambeses in an attempt to show his contempt for the Egyptian gods killed the sacred Bull of Apis.

Shortly after this event in 522 BC  his brother Smyrdis, revolted against Cambeses back in Persia. Cambeses set out to deal with the revolt but died on the way. The Egyptians of course claimed this as “Gods Judgement”. Again they were disappointed. A  relative of Cambeses, uncontaminated by the Egyptian plot put down the rebellion and took control of Persia. His name was Darius. Darius assumed control of Egypt.



Darius became the greatest Persian Emperor and a champion of Zarathustra’s code of ethics. Darius however married Cambeses wife and sister Atossa in an attempt to establish the legitimacy of his rule. In part of the agreement surrounding the marriage he allowed the Magi, Priests of the Median nation, now part of the Persian Empire, to re-establish their presence. The Magi immediately set about adding additional texts to the core Zarathrustrian teaching that added the reverence, if not worship, of gods to the ethical standards. In this way Zarathustra’s teaching was converted into a religion. The Egyptians, led by their priests continued to oppose Persian attempts to limit their powers and re-educate the population. Priests and the royal family found refuge in what is now Libya



In 460 BC  Inaros defeated the Persians using Greek (Athenian) mercenaries and an Athenian fleet which sailed up the Nile as far as Memphis and totally destroyed the persian fleet. 100,000 Persians were killed in these battles but six years later Inaros was captured and crucified.  The Athenian mercenary army was destroyed. The Persian rule continued. persian-infiltration-iii

The Last Pharaoh

In 404 BC Egypt  a member of the true Pharonic family, Amyraetus managed to evict the Persians again using Greek mercenaries this time both Athenians and Spartans,but six years later was overthrown by Egyptian competitors.

Non of these successors gained the approval of the priests and in 343 BC, the Persians were back again.  Nectanebo  the Pharoh at the time was totally outnumbered and fled to Ethiopia.  Faced with continued Persian occupation, the ethics of Zarathustra permeated into Egyptian thinking.

The last native Pharoh is considered to be Nectanebo(30th dynasty  380-343). However genealogies show continued links from the 24th dynasty right through to the Ptolomies (33dynasty). Someone was still keeping control of bloodlines and in  332 BC Alexander the great was welcomed and declared to be a god and the new pharaoh. Why?


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The most dangerous woman in the world

The Treasure of Trencavel

List of Characters

Table Of Contents



List of Places

Table of Contents

Pseudo History


Extract from The Prisoner of Foix--Chapter 43 -The EntranceNo need to buy a Kindle. Read it on your computer or tablet

John Stanley-26th April 1355


'Looks like we are going to see a bit of excitement, John. The Captain tried to get an agreement from the Prince that if there is surf running across the channel to Arcachon we will turn back to Bordeaux, but the Prince would hear none of it. Instead, he has offered to provide insurance for all three ships. If they are damaged or sunk, the owners will be compensated and every sailor who makes the passage will be given a bounty payment. What none of this seems to take into account is that if we sink in rough, fast-flowing waters we might all drown.'

John raised his eyebrows. 'But that is what we are going to do?'

'Yes, despite the fact that surf running accross the entrance is not uncommon and the deep water channel moves continually. In the end, the Prince attacked their captains on their weakest point, their professional pride! He threw down the gauntlet. He offered to take the Sally first through the channel, and to take control during the passage.' He raised his brow. 'We are going into the Bay of Arcachon, come what may! '

Extract from The Eagle of Carcassone -- Chapter 24-- A Real GoddessNo need to buy a Kindle. Read it on your computer or tablet

John Stanley - 22 July 1355

An hour later John walked with Ximene close to the river along the valley below St Feriole. It was the very essence of a summer’s day. The sun was fierce but in the shadow of the trees, it was cool and fragrant. The trees and shrubs along the riverbank hid their progress, from the Château, from St Feriole.

Eventually they reached a point where John thought it was safe to emerge from cover. To his satisfaction the stream extended into a pool with a sandy beach, shaded by trees. Where the stream entered the pool there was a flat grassy area, almost circular. Behind this, the bulk of two mountain ridges provided a splendid backdrop. He looked around once more ‘Not just a good training ground but a great training ground. If the Greek heroes knew about this they might be tempted to join me, to train with me’

Ximene laughed out loud. He turned to look at her. She had removed her outer clothes and was wearing a white chemise, cut short so that it barely reached her knees. Around her waist, she wore a plaited leather belt, obviously fashioned from the multitude of leather straps to be found in the tackle room.

She ran her hands down over her breasts. ‘When you were unconscious I heard you muttering about gods and goddesses, so  I have decided that from now on, for you, I will be the goddess.’

The Prisoner of FoixVol 1 of the series—The Treasure of Trencavel

Aquitaine, an English possession, is in crisis. It is under threat from neighbouring nations and internal dissension.

The Black Prince, King Edward III’s eldest son has been given the task of taking command in Aquitaine.

Suddenly there is an opportunity. Ximene Trencavel is the heiress to the lands of Occitan, to the east of Aquitaine: lands controlled by the Franks. Ximene wants independence, both for herself and for Occitan.

A union between Aquitaine and Occitan would be mutually beneficial. The Black Prince undertakes a secret journey to meet Ximene to negotiate a marriage contract. It is, however, a marriage neither of them really wants.

Meanwhile, the  Franks plot to murder Ximene to prevent ,not just the marriage, but any kind of union between England and Occitan.

The Eagle Of CarcassonneVol II of the series—The Treasure of Trencavel

The loose alliance between Ximene Trencavel and the Black Prince is under threat.

The Prince invades Occitan, to show his support for Ximene but it becomes an invasion which creates more problems than it solves.

The Prince has fallen hopelessly in love with Joan of Kent and Joan is now determined to marry him and become the next Queen of England.

Joan is therefore  determined to convince Ximene that she should not marry the Prince.

Part of her strategy is to encourage Ximene’s relationship with John Stanley—one of the Princes bodyguards—not an easy task as both John and Ximene have doubts about their compatibility.

However, John is grievously injured in a battle and Ximene commits herself to nurse him back to health.